The evaluation of mobile networks. (4G vs 5G).

At this time of digital world, if you are using a smartphone, there is a high possibility that you have come around the terms like LTE, 4G and the upcoming 5G. So, in this article,  we will go into details of these terms and understand in a better way.

Introduction to History

During the 1980s with 1G, our phone systems experienced numerous advancement stages to progress toward becoming what we see and use today. Whenever ‘2G’ or the ‘second generation of cell innovation came out, it denoted the advanced framework over the previous simple framework. It also included mobile data as GPRS (General Packet Radio Service) and EDGE (Enhanced Data GSM Evolution). Both these services are a part of 2G technology and sometimes EDGE is called 2.5G but it did not satisfy the specifications of 3G. In 2G, video and streaming was not possible.

3G network made video calling and streaming of video possible with download speed of up to 3.1Mbps. HSDPA (High-Speed Down-link Packet Access) is based on the 3G network and an enhancement to 3G. Thus has a faster speed, download speed can be up to 14Mbps. HSDPA is sometimes called 3.5G.

Now, Let’s look at present i.e LTE, which is basically also named as “4G LTE” by the telecom industry. It stands for “Long Term Evolution” and is the basic establishment for 4G technology. The “G” means “Generation” and “4G” is the fourth generation of broadband innovation.

A while ago when 4G came into the market demand, there must be a standard that characterizes legitimate 4G speeds.  Therefore, International Telecommunication Union (ITU) set out some guidelines on how quick a 4G technology must be. Download Speed requirement for 4G service at 100 megabits per second (Mbit/s)(=12.5 megabytes per second) for high mobility communication (such as from trains and cars) and 1 gigabit per second (Gbit/s) for low mobility communication (such as pedestrians and stationary users). (Source: Wikipedia).

But, the issue was that telecom transmission organizations was not able to accomplish the requests that the International Telecommunication Union set down at the time. If the companies were not  able to achieve the speed set by ITU then they could not legitimately call their system “4G”.  That’s why LTE came into the existence and 4G innovation went under the name “Long Term Evolution” to speak that the 4G innovation was a work in progress. Ofcourse, LTE was quicker and data rates are essentially higher than 3G so in this way it ended up as “4G LTE”. After this LTE, LTE+ came out which was faster than LTE but yet did not accomplish the base speed for 4G.

4G vs 5G 5G is the successor to 4G. It is still in the improvement stage as cellular organizations set up the framework expected to help it. And ofcourse, 5G beats 4G  in the delay, uploading and downloading speeds. This expansion is promising for the universe of the Internet of Things (IoT) and automation.

5G is the successor to 4G. It is still in the improvement stage as cellular organizations set up the framework expected to help it. And ofcourse, 5G beats 4G  in the delay, uploading and downloading speeds. This expansion is promising for the universe of the Internet of Things (IoT) and automation.

Data Speed – 5G will bring a colossal data speed to our communication network. The hypothetical max speed of 5G will associate with 100 Gbps while the base speed will associate with 10 Gbps. With the hypothetical speed of current 4G-LTE innovation which tops out at 1Gbps, we can expect that the information speed will be much higher than 4G-LTE.

Delay – Regarding information or data transfer, it is understood that 5G will take less time starting with one point then onto the next point. At present, 4G-LTE has some delay but 5G innovation will have as close to zero as possible delay.

Other Information – Since the 5G will use a big part of spectrum with high frequencies, its information conveying capacity will be exponentially higher. The range used by 4G-LTE innovation is now congested. The greatest advantage of higher limit will be seen by the video streaming industry. Since the data packets will hypothetically have the option to convey more information, 4k and even 8k will be effectively conceivable.

While the current 4G-LTE innovation commonly use range under 3GHz, the 5G innovation will use higher groups of range, over the 20 GHz mark. This high-recurrence extend in range gives 5G numerous favorable advantages over the current 4G innovation.

Due to 5G technology, it is possible now that the manufacturers can implement multiple antennas in a device as the size of the antennas can be diminished impressively. This will empower 5G devices to use MIMo (Multiple Input Multiple output). MIMo will enable any number of clients to associate with two similar network without losing any information speed and also to help more devices in a smaller region with no delay in utilization capacity.

FUTURE That is the present. So shouldn’t something be said about what’s to come?

LTE Advanced is the new standard organizations are building up, which of course will deliver the “TRUE 4G” speeds. So essentially, LTE Advanced is the thing that 4G should be all along. For the present moment, 4G LTE is sufficient for most of the mobile users and will be for quite a while. Coherently, if or when True 4G or LTE Advanced turns into the standard, it will be present for a period while mobile manufacturers and suppliers implement 5G and so on.

5G, in the meantime, will be the following consistent advance up from 4G. As you know, 5G represents the fifth generation and should guarantee accelerates to 10 gigabits for every seconds, enough to download a full HD film in seconds.

5G can improve speeds and will also improve the future for the Internet of Things but at the present time, for a normal user – it’s quite very costly.

Share your thoughts in the comments below.

Biplab Das

Biplab Das

My name is Biplab Das. I’m a writer, Blogger, Youtuber and full time IT support engineer whose childhood obsession with science fiction never quite faded. A quarter-century later, the technology that I coveted as a kid is woven into the fabric of everyday life. I’ve spent the past years to learn these technologies, I recently published a book on computer science fundamentals. People say smartphones are boring these days, but I think everyone is beginning to take this wonderful technology marvel for granted.
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